A food allergy is a potentially serious immune-mediated response that develops after ingesting or coming in contact with specific foods or food additives. A life threatening allergic reaction to food usually takes place within a few minutes to several hours after exposure to the allergen.
v Eight foods account for over 90% of allergic reactions in affected individuals: milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, soy,and wheat
Anaphylaxis- is a severe, whole body response to an allergen that may result in death.
4 out every 50 children have a foodallergy
v Signs and Symptoms of Severe Allergic Reaction:
Mouth- Tingling, itching, swelling of the tongue, lips or mouth: blue/grey color of the lips.
Throat- tightening of the throat; tickling feeling in back of throat; hoarseness or change in voice.
Nose/Eyes/Ears- Runny, itchy nose; redness and/ or swelling of eyes; throbbing in ears.
Lung- Shortness of breath; repetitive shallow cough; wheezing
Stomach- Nausea; vomiting; diarrhea; abdominal cramps
Skin- Itchy rash, hives; swelling of face or extremities; facial flushing
Heart- Thin weak pulse; rapid pulse; palpitations; fainting; blueness of lips, face or nail beds; paleness
Epinephrine- is the first-line treatment in case of anaphylaxis.
v Notify the school nurse and nutrition department if your child has food allergies. A doctor’s order is required for the student to have an epi-pen on campus and to be administered by the nurse.
v The nutrition department requires a doctor’s order and that the food allergy is life threatening in order to make changes in the child’s school breakfast or lunch.